Where Do Our Stones Come From?

Introduction
Jerusalem Stone & Mosaics specialise in the importation and distribution of superior natural stone products from Jerusalem. We carry a large range of interior and exterior stone tiles for both domestic and commercial use. We specialise in providing unique, superior building materials for walls, floors, bathrooms, kitchens and patios.

History
We are one of the few natural stone importers in the UK that actually own our own quarry in Jerusalem. Our quarry has been in our family for generations. It is situated in the heart of the Holy Land which is why we can guarantee some of the finest quality natural jerusalem stone tiles, not only in the UK, but in the entire world.

The quarry was originally used to dig for building materials that were to be used in Jerusalem and the surrounding country but over time, the demand for the stones in varying finishes, colours and ages
led to the development of a more commercial export-orientated strategy which is where we come in today.

It has taken the family over 10 years to reach the level of output that it currently enjoys today and twice that again to build a reputation based on pure quality. It is with this core principal that we take the company into the next 5 years with the sole aim of becoming the UK’s largest importer of natural stone tiles of the highest quality, at the best possible prices.

STONE GLOSSARY

POLISHED FINISH : polished surface creates a beautiful glossy shine from the natural reflection of the stone’s crystals. The mirror-like shine is accomplished by using progressively finer polishing heads during the polishing process, similar to the way that sandpaper smoothes hardwood furniture.

HONED FINISH: honed surface provides a flat, matte or satin finish creating a more informal and softer look. Stopping short of the last stage of polishing creates this finish. A honed finish shows fewer scratches, and requires very little maintenance.
Brushed Finish Brushed features a worn-down look achieved by brushing the surface of the stone, simulating natural wear over time

TUMBLED FINISH: Delivers a smooth or slightly pitted surface, and broken, rounded edges and corners. There are several methods used to achieve the tumbled look. 13mm” thick tiles can be tumbled in a machine to achieve the desired look, or 3cm tiles can be tumbled and then split, creating two tiles that are tumbled on one side. Jerusalem limestone are primary candidates for a tumbled finish

FLAMED FINISH: is achieved by heating the surface of the stone to extreme temperatures, followed by rapid cooling. The surface of the stone pops and chips leaving a rough, unrefined texture. Flamed Jerusalem Stone has a highly textured surface, making it ideal for areas where slip resistance might be a concern, like shower areas.
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ACID-WASHED: Finish An acid-washed finish is shiny with small etching
marks (pits in the surface). This finish shows fewer scratches and is much more rustic in appearance than a honed finish. Most stones can be acid-washed but the most common are marble and limestone. Acid washing is also a way to soften the shine on granite.
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BULL-NOSE Edge: One of two types of edges for natural stone floor tile. A polished bull nose edge has a rounded or curved appearance.

SPLIT FACE : gives you a rough texture, but one not as abrasive as flamed. This finish is typically achieved by hand cutting and chiselling at the quarry, exposing the natural cleft of the stone.

CALIBRATED STONE : the stone slab’s surface is worked down to a relatively uniform thickness across the length of the material.
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Igneous Rock Formed when molten rock (called lava or magma) cools and hardens. Granite is an example of an igneous rock.

Limestone Another sedimentary stone, it’s formed from calcite and sediment and comes in many earthen colours. Jerusalem stone is the hardest of al the lime stone

Marble A derivative of limestone. It is a metamorphic stone that can be polished. Marble is characteristically soft and easily scratched or etched by acids. There are countless types of marble from around the world.

Metamorphic Rock Created when other kinds of rocks are changed by great heat and pressure inside the earth. Marble, slate and quartzite are examples of metamorphic rocks.

Porosity The amount and size of the pores in a stone. Travertine is very porous and granite is not.

Quarry For millions of years, a combination of heat and pressure created blocks of natural stone, including granite, marble, travertine, limestone, and slate. As the earth’s crust began to grow and erode, it pushed minerals up from its core, forming massive rock deposits, which we refer to as “quarries”.

Sandstone A sedimentary stone that is primarily composed of loose grains of quartz sand that is rough in texture. A number of varieties are available.

Sedimentary Rock Formed from deposits that have undergone consolidation and crystallization. Limestone and sandstone fall into this category.

Slab Blocks of stone that have been extracted from the earth and cut.

Slate A metamorphic stone that has a sheet-like structure. It is composed of clay, quartz and shale, and comes in a multitude of colours including reds and greens.
Stone Tile The typical natural stone floor tile sizes are 300×300 400×400 600×400 and 600x400mm and other sizes”.

Straight 90-Degree Edge One of two types of edges for natural stone floor tile. A polished straight 90- degree edge creates a more modern and clean look.
Substrate The surface on which the stone tile is laid.

Thinnest a cement based adhesive that is applied to the surface with a notched or grooved trowel. The tile is then placed into the thinnest and pressed firmly into place. Since stone tiles vary in thickness and size, the amount of thinnest mortar applied is adjusted where needed.

Contact us now or call 08000 831346


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