Jerusalem Stone is the trade name of stone quarried in areas from the Jordan River on the east of the Holy Land to the Mediterranean Sea on the country’s west, and from the southern Port of Eilat on the Red Sea to The Galilee and Haifa on the north. It is mostly limestone, dolomitic limestone or dolomite, and tends to be of a gold or reddish hue, though some varieties are grey or nearly white.
Municipal regulations in Jerusalem require that the front of every building be at least partially made of this stone. The regulations date back to the governorship of Ronald Storrs; they were issued as part of the implementation of a master plan for the city devised in 1918 by William McLean, then city engineer of Alexandria.
It is also used in the American building trade as a countertop material, as certain subtypes are non-porous (unlike most limestone).
Jerusalem Stone & Mosaics Ltd.
Although the company was founded in 2005 in the UK, we have over 50 years of experience in manufacturing stone products for all kinds of purposes . We have continued to mine and import natural Jerusalem stone of the highest quality from our own and surrounding quarries from the areas surrounding Jerusalem such as Hebron , Bethlehem and other towns and villages . After mining out the stone, some are handcrafted while others are machine crafted into high quality tiles and stones, perfect for kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, entrance halls or other surfaces. Our tiles and stones are also available as full mosaics, perfect to give off the all natural stone look for any kitchen or bathroom wall. We also manufacture stone for use in exterior environments such as cladding, cobbles and stone block paving.
Jerusalem Stone and Mosaics specialise in the importation and distribution of superior natural stone products from the surrounding hills of Jerusalem. We carry a large range of interior and exterior items for both domestic and commercial use.
Jerusalem Stone comes in a variety of colours, textures and finishes and will enhance any decor at work or home, interior or exterior.
All of our stones meet the standard absorption rate of 1% and a density of not less than 2500kg/m3.
Jerusalem limestone has the following technical properties:
Volumetric Weight: 2639 Kg/m3
Compression Strength: 28.7 N/nm2
Abrasion Resistance: 18.2 mm 1000 mt
Absorption: 0.8% by weight
Coeff thermal expansion: 0.000423 mm/m
We are one of the few natural stone importers in the UK that actually own our own quarry in Jerusalem. Our quarry has been in our family for generations. It is situated in the heart of the Holy Land which is why we can guarantee some of the finest quality natural jerusalem stone tiles, not only in the UK, but in the entire world.
The quarry was originally used to dig for building materials that were to be used in Jerusalem and the surrounding country but over time, the demand for the stones in varying finishes, colours and ages
led to the development of a more commercial export-orientated strategy which is where we come in today.
POLISHED FINISH : polished surface creates a beautiful glossy shine from the natural reflection of the stone’s crystals. The mirror-like shine is accomplished by using progressively finer polishing heads during the polishing process, similar to the way that sandpaper smoothes hardwood furniture.
HONED FINISH: honed surface provides a flat, matte or satin finish creating a more informal and softer look. Stopping short of the last stage of polishing creates this finish. A honed finish shows fewer scratches, and requires very little maintenance.
Brushed Finish Brushed features a worn-down look achieved by brushing the surface of the stone, simulating natural wear over time
TUMBLED FINISH: Delivers a smooth or slightly pitted surface, and broken, rounded edges and corners. There are several methods used to achieve the tumbled look. 13mm” thick tiles can be tumbled in a machine to achieve the desired look, or 3cm tiles can be tumbled and then split, creating two tiles that are tumbled on one side. Jerusalem limestone are primary candidates for a tumbled finish
FLAMED FINISH :is achieved by heating the surface of the stone to extreme temperatures, followed by rapid cooling. The surface of the stone pops and chips leaving a rough, unrefined texture. Flamed Jerusalem Stone has a highly textured surface, making it ideal for areas where slip resistance might be a concern, like shower areas.
ACID-WASHED: Finish An acid-washed finish is shiny with small etching
marks (pits in the surface). This finish shows fewer scratches and is much more rustic in appearance than a honed finish. Most stones can be acid-washed but the most common are marble and limestone. Acid washing is also a way to soften the shine on granite.
BULL-NOSE Edge: One of two types of edges for natural stone floor tile. A polished bull nose edge has a rounded or curved appearance.
SPLIT FACE : gives you a rough texture, but one not as abrasive as flamed. This finish is typically achieved by hand cutting and chiselling at the quarry, exposing the natural cleft of the stone.
CALIBRATED STONE : the stone slab’s surface is worked down to a relatively uniform thickness across the length of the material.
Igneous Rock Formed when molten rock (called lava or magma) cools and hardens. Granite is an example of an igneous rock.
Limestone Another sedimentary stone, it’s formed from calcite and sediment and comes in many earthen colours. Jerusalem stone is the hardest of al the lime stone
Marble A derivative of limestone. It is a metamorphic stone that can be polished. Marble is characteristically soft and easily scratched or etched by acids. There are countless types of marble from around the world.
Metamorphic Rock Created when other kinds of rocks are changed by great heat and pressure inside the earth. Marble, slate and quartzite are examples of metamorphic rocks.
Porosity The amount and size of the pores in a stone. Travertine is very porous and granite is not.
Quarry For millions of years, a combination of heat and pressure created blocks of natural stone, including granite, marble, travertine, limestone, and slate. As the earth’s crust began to grow and erode, it pushed minerals up from its core, forming massive rock deposits, which we refer to as “quarries”.
Sandstone A sedimentary stone that is primarily composed of loose grains of quartz sand that is rough in texture. A number of varieties are available.
Sedimentary Rock Formed from deposits that have undergone consolidation and crystallization. Limestone and sandstone fall into this category.
Slab Blocks of stone that have been extracted from the earth and cut.
Slate A metamorphic stone that has a sheet-like structure. It is composed of clay, quartz and shale, and comes in a multitude of colours including reds and greens.
Stone Tile The typical natural stone floor tile sizes are 300×300 400×400 600×400 and 600x400mm and other sizes”.
Straight 90-Degree Edge One of two types of edges for natural stone floor tile. A polished straight 90- degree edge creates a more modern and clean look.
Substrate The surface on which the stone tile is laid.
Thinnest a cement based adhesive that is applied to the surface with a notched or grooved trowel. The tile is then placed into the thinnest and pressed firmly into place. Since stone tiles vary in thickness and size, the amount of thinnest mortar applied is adjusted where needed.
Natural Stone Fixing & After Care
We offer our customers a full tile fixing service which can be purchased at the time of your order. we’d highly recommend anyone looking to fit natural stone tiles in their homes or workplaces to employ the services of a qualified, experienced natural stone tiler similar to our own staff here.
Please feel free to contact us to ask any questions you may have about getting your tiles fixed properly by one of our experienced Natural Stone Tilers.
Here at Jerusalem Stone & Mosaics each and every aspect of our workmanship is guaranteed to the highest standard and for style and quality we are second to none. Our commitment to deliver along with attention to detail of each and everyone of our projects ensures superb results everytime.
Maintain your natural stone flooring investment and it will reward you and your home for many, many years to come.
Plus, knowing what’s expected of you regarding floor upkeep can be a determining factor in the type of natural stone flooring you purchase.
That’s why we put this section together for you. It’s about the care, considerations and cautions of maintaining a natural stone floor. Your floor.
So check over the following advice :
We strongly recommend that you seal Jerusalem stone one coat before grout and one after grout and make sure that the stone is dry before you apply the stone sealer ( please fellow manufacture instruction)
Our best advice is to fight dirty:
Sand, dirt and grit do the most damage to natural stone surfaces due to their abrasiveness.
Floors should be dust mopped frequently using a clean, non-treated dry dust mop or broom.
A vacuum cleaner can be very helpful, especially on textured floors, but it needs to be in good condition and have no beater bar, so as to avoid scratching your beautiful floor.
Vacuum cleaner attachments are also useful for hard to reach areas.
Be preventative. Walk-off mats or area rugs on either side of exterior entrances will help collect loose dirt before it reaches your stone floor.
Make sure that the underside of the mat or rug has a non-slip surface.
These mats need to be kept clean, as well.
For Stone Floors, do’s and don’ts :-
Damp mopping your natural stone floor will help keep it looking beautiful for life.
Always blot spills immediately. A neutral pH detergent or pure soap, such as Liquid Ivory, and warm water, can be used for spills or periodic complete cleaning.
Be sure to rinse the floor thoroughly and dry the surface with a soft, clean cloth. Too much cleaner or soap may leave a film and cause streaks. Change your rinse water frequently.
Do not use products that contain lemon juice, vinegar or other acids on marble, limestone or travertine.
You should avoid using products that contain abrasive cleaners, cleansers (dry or soft) or any ammonia-based cleaners on any stone. These products will dull its sheen
Also, do not use retail grout cleaners, scouring powders or bathroom tub and tile cleaners on your stone.
Fine wire wool can be used on hard limestone such as Jerusalem Stone to remove excess grout and others i.e. chewing gum
To remove algae or moss from your stone in outdoor pool, patio or hot tub areas, flush with clear water and use fine wire wool
And a few final reminders.
it’s best to take care when moving heavy objects across your stone floor to avoid scratching or chipping. Get a small army to help you move that dining room table.
Cover furniture and table legs with protectors to guard your floor against damage.
If you would like a no obligation quote and/or site visit please do not hesitate to contact us on email@example.com